||Fragrant Cane, Sweet-flag, Sweet Root, Bach
||Plant Parts Used
||Color & Odor
||Yellow brownish liquid with Characteristic odour of
Calamus oil has a warm and spicy odor that is reminiscent of a sweet
Constituents & Specifications :
Acorenone, b-gurjunene, Isoshyobunine, b-asarone, Calamendiol, a-selinene,
a-calacorene, Calamusenone, Camphone, Shyobunone
Specific Gravity :
0.99200 - 0.99300 @ 72°F
Refractive Index :
1.54502 - 1.55500 @ 72°F
Aromatic stimulant & tonic, for curing nervous complaints, vertigo and
headaches, antiseptic, anticonvulsant, bactericidal, diaphoretic,
carminative, expectorant, insecticide, hypotensive, spasmolytic, stomachic,
stimulant, tonic and vermifuge.
Benefits & Uses :
- Calamus essential oil, Acorus calamus, is highly esteemed as an
aromatic stimulant and tonic, often used for nervous complaints,
vertigo, headaches, and dysentery.
- A fluid extract is an official preparation in the United States and
some other Pharmacopceias, but it is not now official in the British
Pharmacopceia, though it is much used in herbal medicine as an aromatic
- It also acts as a carminative, removing the discomfort caused by
flatulence and checking the growth of the bacteria which give rise to
- It has been often used to increase the appetite and benefit
digestion, given as a fluid extract, infusion or tincture.
- The tincture is, obtained by macerating the finely-cut rhizome in
alcohol for seven days and filtering, is used as a stomachic and
flavouring agent. The essential is used as an addition to, and included
in inhalations blends.